Small Island Developing States

Small Island Developing States

Urban growth, temperature rise and melting glaciers threaten river deltas around the world. Southeast Asia – from India to China – in particular will be severely affected. Large numbers of people live in poverty, countries are densely-populated and coastlines are long. According to the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the chance that people in this region will be affected by water-related disasters is about 25 times greater than in Europe. How are people tackling water challenges in Asia?

18 Oct 2018

This VIEWS features in REVOLVE #28 (Summer 2018) on pages 35-50.

Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are likely to be the first affected by climate change, but in their determination to strengthen resilience and embark on a sustainable economic future they are deploying renewable energy with support from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA).

SIDS are on the frontlines of climate change. Despite having done little to cause it, the effects of a warming planet are already beginning to adversely affect livelihoods and security for millions who call islands around the world home. Yet islands are nothing if not resilient, and their collective commitments to renewable energy are proof of their desire to respond assertively.

Blessed with abundant renewable energy resources most, if not all islands, have an opportunity to meet their domestic energy needs through a combination of renewable energy technologies. With the costs of renewables technologies falling all the time, a unique opportunity exists for them to reduce expensive fuel imports and accelerate the transition to domestically sourced wind, solar and geothermal – lowering electricity costs, improving energy access, creating jobs, and boosting energy security.

IRENA launched the SIDS Lighthouses Initiative at the 2014 Climate Summit in New York, providing a global framework for the energy transition on islands. The Initiative facilitates SIDS resilience through coordinated support for islands to transform their predominantly fossilbased power systems to renewable energy.

The transition efforts of the current 36 SIDS from the Caribbean, Pacific, and Atlantic, Indian Ocean, Mediterranean and the South China Sea regions that have joined the Initiative are supported through partnerships with governmental, intergovernmental, non-governmental, and private stakeholder organisations. Indeed they may be small, but these 36 islands are strong and demonstrating incredible resilience in the face of climate change.

China’s very first tricable ropeway went into public service in July 2017 in Lushan, a popular destination for local resident and tourists. In order to upgrade the infrastructure and improve comfort for visitors, the Doppelmayr/Garaventa Group was entrusted with the task of building a modern ropeway installation. Source: Dopplemayr/Garaventa.

Overflying the Pyramids in Egypt during the first round-the-world flight only powered by the sun with no fuel and polluting emissions. Source: Solar Impulse

The first flight of HY4, the first zero emission aircraft powered by hydrogen in September 2016 in Stuttgart. Source: DLR, CC-BY 3.0

Technical test flights with the hydrogen plane HY4 in Slovenia. Source: DLR, CC-BY 3.0

The Copenhagen Wheel is a sleek red hub that turns nearly any bike into a smart electric hybrid containing a custom motor, advanced sensors, control systems, and a battery. Source: Max Tomasinelli

Artificial sun: Inspecting the world’s largest solar simulator that generates climate-friendly, regenerative fuels including hydrogen.

The world’s only hydrogen fuel cell passenger train Coradia iLint by Alstom is a new CO2-emission-free regional train. In March 2017, it successfully performed the first test run at 80 km/h in Salzgitter, Lower Saxony, Germany. Source: Alstom

Uber launched the speedboat service UberBoat in Croatia in July 2017.

Electric Car Sharing in Copenhagen, Denmark. Source: DriveNow

Electric Car Sharing in Copenhagen, Denmark. Source: DriveNow

Electric Car Sharing in Copenhagen, Denmark. Source: DriveNow